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XML is an acronym for extensible markup language. It is a compromise between machine language and regular text. It resembles HTML (and can be mixed with HTML in some cases to make XHTML). It looks like this:

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
       <university>École Centrale Paris</university>

The tags are readable by humans with some effort, and machines can parse XML as a data tree. Subtitle formats are sometimes written in XML.