Advanced Audio Coding
AAC has many options and profiles available.
AAC actually refers to two similar codecs - MPEG-2 Part 7 (Advanced Audio Coding) and MPEG-4 Part 3. It has many options and is heavily customisable depending on the desired output
It has some advantages over MP3 - it has a greater range of sample frequencies, up to 48 channels and higher coding efficiency. It also has much better handling of frequencies above 16 kHz. Depending on the AAC profile and the MP3 encoder, 96 kbit/s AAC can give nearly the same or better perceptional quality as 128 kbit/s MP3.
Profiles and extensions
The main codec for AAC, as defined in MPEG-2, had 3 profiles:
- Low Complexity profile (LC)
- Main profile (Main)
- Scalable Sampling Rate (SSR)
In MPEG-4, it combines it with Perceptual Noise Substitution (PNS) extension.
ER - Error Resilience
This is an extension to improve error resilience on AAC.
LD - Low Delay
LD is an 2000 extension used to improve AAC for 2-way communication.
ELD - Extended Low Delay
ELD is a 2008 extension of AAC that improves LD further.
LTP is an extension from 1999 that uses Long Term Prediction.
He-AAC / AAC+
He-AACv2 / eAAC+
Enhanced aacPlus combines SBR and Parametric Stereo (PS). The codec can operate at very low bitrates and is good for internet radio streaming. A 48 kilobit-per-second stream is considered to have higher quality than 128 kbit/s MP3.
SLS / HD-AAC
MPEG-4 Scalable to Lossless is a 2006 extension to add Lossless support to AAC.
It copies the idea of wavpack hybrid to encode and split the difference between lossy and lossless versions.
Some version of SLS is marketed as HD-AAC
|This is an audio codec. The name to use at the command line is mp4a.|
This codec is from the faad module.
The FAAD module supports Main (Main, LC, SSR), LD, ER, LTP, SBR and PS.
It should decode AAC, HeAAC and HeAACv2 streams. It should not decode HD-AAC/AAC-SLS or AAC-ELD streams.
The avcodec module supports Main (Main, LC), LTP, SBR and ALS.
VLC support AAC encoding through the libavcodec library.