Some files are naming some other copyrights and authors. If you need, check them all in the latest SVN.
Note: "Open Source" does not mean it does not infringe on patents. Most MPEG encoding and decoding is patented and requires payment of royalites for any use.
VideoLAN produces free software projects under the GNU General Public License. The License is under the COPYING file of the SVN and all the tarballs.
Redistribution / Copying
You can redistribute, copy and modify any GPL software, including VideoLAN's, but you have to conform to the LICENSE, which is mainly that you have to provide the source code and use a LICENSE compatible with the GPL. If you don't understand, please check this article about GPL on Wikipedia.
Names / Trademark
The official name of the project is VideoLAN.
The official name of VLC is VLC media player. It used to be called VideoLAN Client, but this is not true anymore.
VLC is the familiar name of VLC media player.
The soppera-cone is the official icon of the program.
The official names of VLS are VLS and VideoLAN Server.